2013年5月16日 星期四

Arduino範例13:Get frequency from Optical encoder by Arduino (量測encoder的訊號)

In past articles, we know how to control a small DC motor by PWM signal.
直流馬達的速控 (一) : 使用555產生PWM 驅動馬達

直流馬達的速控 (二) : 使用Ardunio產生PWM 驅動馬達

But if we want to do feedback control, we should know rotation speed.
So today, I practice using Arduino to get frequency from motor.

Below picture is a small DC motor with optical encoder.
This is tear down from inkjet printer.

You can see that, it has 448 "line" per Revolution, so I could get 448 pulses in every one turn.


Below is the wire of connecting line. 2 of the left are power for DC motor, 4 of the right are for optical encoder. We should give 5V & GND to encoder, but also get 2 signals from it. the 2 signal could let us known the direction of rotation.
Ok, let me connecting the wire to Arduino board, get 1 signal on pin 2, and output PWM from pin 12. And also use 2003 to amplify the current of PWM to motor.

Code
I have no background of software program, so the code isn't concise. However, I am super happy for first time I wrote down it without example.

//the thought of code is "get every 100 pulses time, and average them.
int val = 0; // variable of pin reading status

int counter = 0;
int m = 0;
int i = 0;
float sumcycle;
float precycle;

void setup() {
pinMode(2, INPUT); // declare pin 2 as input
Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop(){
val = digitalRead(2); // read input value
if (val == HIGH) {
m = 1;
}
else {
m = 0;
}
if(m != i){
if(m == 1){
counter = counter + 1;
float halfcycle = pulseIn(2, LOW);
sumcycle = 2*halfcycle + precycle;
precycle = sumcycle;

if (counter ==100){
float fq = 100000000/448/precycle;
  Serial.println(fq);
counter =0;
precycle =0;
}
}
}
i = m;
}

Video
video

Summery
There are so many ways could get frequency by Arduino.
The next step is using this frequency signal to do PID control.

7 則留言:

  1. sketch_jun25a.ino: In function 'void loop()':
    sketch_jun25a:13: error: 'val' was not declared in this scope

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  2. You didn't write "int val = 0; "

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  3. hi, may i know why RPM is calculate as 100000000/448/precycle?
    i dont understand this part...?

    thanks

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  4. Hi! Your pages helped me control a motor I salvaged from an inkjet printer! Thanks so much!

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